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The village of Bistra is situated in the North-West of the Alba County, on the middle course of the Aries River. The surface of the village, de 132 km2, represents 1.8% of the surface of the Alba County. From the total surface of the village, farmlands cover 3.495 ha (785 ha land that can be ploughed, 1.939 ha pastures and 849 ha hay-fields).
Bistra is the village with the biggest area in Romania. Its territory is bordered to the S-E by the Trascaului Mountains, to the S-W by the Metaliferi Mountains and to the N-E by the Gilau Mountains, with the Muntele Mare massif (1826 m). The river Aries flows from the W towards E, on a 7 km distance, through the territory of the village.

 
   
   
 

The neighbors of the Bistra village are:
- West and North-West - the administrative territory of the town of Campeni
- North - the Cluj County
- East - the Posaga and Lupsa villages
- South - the Rosia Montana Village.

 

To the W- SW:
Campeni - 5 km     Deva - 97 km
Abrud - 19 km       Arad - 251 km
Brad - 59 km         Timisoara - 257 km

To the W-NW:
Oradea - 168 km

To the E-NE:
Turda - 84 km       Targu Mures - 151 km
Brasov - 335 km    Cluj Napoca - 114 km

To the S-SE:
Alba Iulia - 81 km     Sebes - 96 km
Sibiu - 151 km          Bucuresti - 425 km (via Alba Iulia)
                                - 500 km (via Turda, Targu Mures)

The main communication way, the DN 74 road, crosses the village centre. The road has an asphalt covering.

The village of Bistra has one of the longest internal road networks in Romania: 14 village roads and 83 smaller village roads. The roads inside the village are made mainly of earth and are over 170 km long.

There are only road transportation systems after the narrow railway that connected Abrud and Turda was close. The infrastructure of the railway is still present and investors can reestablish the link for tourism.

Accessible railroad stations:

Zlatna - 41 km, with a link through Alba Iulia
Alba Iulia - 81 km, with links to Bucharest, Arad, Timisoara
Vintu de Jos - 95 km, with links to Sebes, Sibiu, Bucharest
Turda - 84 km, with links to Cluj, Oradea, Baia Mare
Aiud - 103 km, with links to Blaj, Sighisoara, Brasov, Ploiesti, Bucharest

Airports:
Cluj Napoca - 114 km (international)
Targu Mures - 151 km (international)
Timisoara - 257 km (international)
Arad - 251 km (internal flights)
Oradea - 168 km (internal flights)
Sibiu - 151 km (internal flights)
Deva - 97 km (sport flights and small airplanes)

A digital phone exchange with 104 telephone users functions in the village. The phone exchange is connected to the phone exchange of the town of Campeni. Another 300 people want to install a phone.

Mobile phone networks coverage: the Connex, Orange and Zapp networks.
Internet access: at the village hall.
Postal services are carried out through the Bistra Exterior Office (with 3 employees) and 3 other postal workers, employees of the Campeni Post Office.
Received TV programs: TVR 1, but there are also 550 subscribers to a cable TV network.

 

The territory of the Bistra village has two types of relief:

  1. The mountain area, which covers the biggest area of the village (Muntele Mare, the Trascaului Mountains).
  2. The depression area, where terraces were successively built to grow vegetables and wheat. The village centre is also situated in this depression.
    Altitude differences:
    - minimum - 630 m
    - maximum - 1800 m

 
 

The tow types of relief are accompanied, because of their specific features, by the Aries River Valley and by those of streams: the Lipaii Valley, the Bistrisorii Valley, The Great Valley, the Dobrii Valey, the Petresei Valley, the Stefancii Valley. They all make up the village water basis, which is extremely rich.

 
 

The vegetation that can be found in the area is specific to both the mountain and also the hilly areas, and on the slopes of the valleys signs of plain vegetation can be found. Coniferous trees and dedidous trees are frequently found in the area. They are the main resource of the village. The high mountain areas are covered with pastures and hay fields.
Arable land is very few. Potatoes, wheat, barley and corn are grown by the locals.

Fauna

The land fauna is represented by foxes, bears, wolfs wild boars, hares, dears, squirrels, polecats, and the waters are rich in fish: trout, sturgeon, chub etc. The domestic animal populations are represented by bovines (cattle and oxen), ovine, pigs, horses and donkeys. Poultries are represented by hens and other birds.

Climate

The climate of the Bistra village is continental, specific to the mountain region. Rainfall is dense and abundant, because of the large forest areas.

 
 

The Bistra village is made up of 35 smaller villages, spread on a distance of 2 - 14 km to the North and 2 - 8,5km to the South. The settlements that make up the village are:

- Bistra-Centru (with 33 streets)
- Cretesti (2,5 km)
- Varsii Mici (4 km)
- Rontu (8 km)
- Tolocesti (8,5 km)
- Lunca Larga (3,5 km)
- Garde (6 km)
- Taranesti (3 km)
- Namas (6 km)
- Aronesti (14 km)
- Poi (11 km)
- Lipaia (4 km)
- Salagesti (4 km)
- Dambureni (8 km)
- Cheleteni (12 km)
- Balesti-Catun (7 km)
- Durasti (8 km)
- Hodisesti (3 km)
- Lunca Merilor (2 km)
- Mihaiesti (4 km)
- Varsii Mari (7,7 km)
- Barlesti (5,5 km)
- Perjesti (7,8 km)
- Stefanca (7 km)
- Dealul Muntelui (2 km)
- Ganesti (7 km)
- Trisoresti (5 km)
- Novacesti (8 km)
- Runcuri (11km)
- Hudricesti (2 km)
- Ratitis (6 km)
- Tomnatec (10 km)
- Balesti(7,5 km)
- Poiana (12 km)
- Ciuldesti (3 km)

The 35 small villages are grouped in 7 distinct zones, which are mainly the valleys where the settlements are situated: Bistra-centru, Lipaia - Hudricesti, Balesti, Dealul Muntelui, Girde, Virsii Mari, Virsii Mici.

 

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